Application Integration

Usage in a laminas-mvc Application

The following example shows one potential use case of laminas-eventmanager within a laminas-mvc based application. The example creates a listener for logging errors of an application with laminas-log.

Before starting, make sure laminas-log is installed and configured.

laminas-eventmanager is already present in laminas-mvc based applications as it is an event-driven MVC layer based on the event manager.

Create Listener

Create a listener aggregate that defines and registers a listener, using a logger injected via its constructor to create a valid object with all required dependencies; as an example, consider the following definition in the file module/Application/src/Listener/ErrorListener.php:

namespace Application\Listener;

use Exception;
use Laminas\EventManager\AbstractListenerAggregate;
use Laminas\EventManager\EventManagerInterface;
use Laminas\Log\Logger;
use Laminas\Mvc\MvcEvent;

final class ErrorListener extends AbstractListenerAggregate
    public function __construct(
        private readonly Logger $logger
    ) {}

    public function attach(EventManagerInterface $events, $priority = 1): void
        $this->listeners[] = $events->attach(
            [$this, 'onDispatchError']

    public function onDispatchError(MvcEvent $event): void
        /** @var Exception|null $exception */
        $exception = $event->getParam('exception');
        if ($exception) {
            $this->logger->crit('Error: ' . $exception->getMessage());
        } else {
            $this->logger->crit('Error: ' . $event->getError());

The listener aggregate was chosen because it is capable of listening to multiple events, which could prove useful in the future.

More Events

All laminas-mvc events that can be triggered are listed and explained in the laminas-mvc documentation.

Register Listener

To register a listener in a laminas-mvc based application, use either application or module configuration (such as config/autoload/global.php or module/Application/config/module.config.php, respectively), and define the configuration key listeners.

This example uses module configuration, e.g. module/Application/config/module.config.php:

namespace Application;

return [
    'listeners' => [
    // …

All listeners registered in this way are fetched from the application service container. This means the listeners must be registered for the application service container to discover and create them.

To register the listener for the application service container, extend the configuration of the module. Add the following lines to the module configuration file, e.g. module/Application/config/module.config.php:

namespace Application;

use Laminas\ServiceManager\AbstractFactory\ReflectionBasedAbstractFactory;

return [
    'service_manager' => [
        'factories' => [
            Listener\ErrorListener::class => ReflectionBasedAbstractFactory::class,
    // …

The example uses the reflection factory from laminas-servicemanager to resolve the constructor dependencies for the listener class.

If the listener has no dependencies, use the factory Laminas\ServiceManager\Factory\InvokableFactory.

Logging Message

To log a message, produce a dispatch error by navigating to http://localhost:8080/1234, where a 404 page should be displayed. The attached listener will log a message and write it to the registered storage backend(s).

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