Advanced usage

Using the Paginator Adapter Plugin Manager

laminas-paginator ships with a plugin manager for adapters, Laminas\Paginator\AdapterPluginManager. The plugin manager can be used to retrieve adapters. Since most adapters require constructor arguments, they may be passed as the second argument to the get() method in the same order they appear in the constructor.


use Laminas\Paginator\Adapter;
use Laminas\Paginator\AdapterPluginManager;

$pluginManager = new AdapterPluginManager();

// Get an array adapter for an array of items
$arrayAdapter = $pluginManager->get(Adapter\ArrayAdapter::class, [$arrayOfItems]);

// Get a DbSelect adapter based on a Laminas\Db\Sql\Select instance and a DB adapter:
$dbSelectAdapter = $pluginManager->get(Adapter\DbSelect::class, [

// Get a DbTableGateway adapter based on a Laminas\Db\TableGateway\TableGateway instance:
$dbTDGAdapter = $pluginManager->get(Adapter\DbTableGateway::class, [$tableGateway]);

// Get an Iterator adapter based on an iterator:
$iteratorAdapter = $pluginManager->get(Adapter\Iterator::class, [$iterator]);

Note: the laminas-db-based adapters are deprecated since version 2.10.0.

Custom data source adapters

At some point you may run across a data type that is not covered by the packaged adapters. In this case, you will need to write your own.

To do so, you must implement Laminas\Paginator\Adapter\AdapterInterface. There are two methods required to do this:

  • count() : int
  • getItems(int $offset, int $itemCountPerPage) | array

Additionally, you'll typically implement a constructor that takes your data source as a parameter.

If you've ever used the SPL interface Countable, you're familiar with count(). As used with laminas-paginator, this is the total number of items in the data collection; Laminas\Paginator\Paginator::countAllItems proxies to this method.

When retrieving items for the current page, Laminas\Paginator\Paginator calls on your adapter's getItems() method, providing it with an offset and the number of items to display per page; your job is to return the appropriate slice of data. For an array, that would be:

return array_slice($this->array, $offset, $itemCountPerPage);

Take a look at the packaged adapters for ideas of how you might go about implementing your own.

Registering Your Adapter with the Plugin Manager

Available since version 2.10.0.

If you want to register your adapter with the Laminas\Pagiantor\AdapterPluginManager, you can do so via configuration. The "paginators" configuration key can contain standard laminas-servicemanager-style configuration.

One possibility is to add it to the config/autoload/global.php file:

return [
    // ...
    'paginators' => [
        'factories' => [
            YourCustomPaginationAdapter::class => YourCustomPaginationAdapterFactory::class,

This allows you to retrieve the AdapterPluginManager in a factory, and then pull your adapter from it. As an example, consider the following factory:

use Laminas\Paginator\AdapterPluginManager;
use Laminas\Paginator\Paginator;
use Psr\Container\ContainerInterface;

class SomeServiceFactory
    public function __invoke(ContainerInterface $container)
        $paginators = $container->get(AdapterPluginManager::class);
        $paginator  = new Paginator($paginators->get(YourCustomPaginatorAdapter::class));
        // ...

Custom scrolling styles

Creating your own scrolling style requires that you implement Laminas\Paginator\ScrollingStyle\ScrollingStyleInterface, which defines a single method:

getPages(Paginator $paginator, int $pageRange = null) : array

This method should calculate a lower and upper bound for page numbers within the range of so-called "local" pages (that is, pages that are nearby the current page).

Unless it extends another scrolling style (see Laminas\Paginator\ScrollingStyle\Elastic for an example), your custom scrolling style will inevitably end with something similar to the following line of code:

return $paginator->getPagesInRange($lowerBound, $upperBound);

There's nothing special about this call; it's merely a convenience method to check the validity of the lower and upper bound and return an array with the range to the paginator.

When you're ready to use your new scrolling style, you'll need to notif Laminas\Paginator\Paginator:

use My\Paginator\ScrollingStyle;
use Laminas\Paginator\Paginator;
use Laminas\ServiceManager\Factory\InvokableFactory;

$manager = Paginator::getScrollingStyleManager();
$manager->setAlias('my-style', ScrollingStyle::class);
$manager->setFactory(ScrollingStyle::class, InvokableFactory::class);

Caching features

Installation Requirements

The caching features depends on the laminas-cache component, so be sure to have it installed before getting started:

$ composer require laminas/laminas-cache

Laminas\Paginator\Paginator can be told to cache the data it has already used, preventing the adapter from fetching on next request. To tell paginator to automatically cache the adapter's data, pass a pre-configured laminas-cache adapter to the static setCache() method:

use Laminas\Cache\StorageFactory;
use Laminas\Paginator\Paginator;

$cache = StorageFactory::adapterFactory('filesystem', [
    'cache_dir' => '/tmp',
    'ttl'       => 3600,
    'plugins'   => [ 'serializer' ],

As long as the Paginator class has been seeded with a cache storage object, the data any instance generates will be cached. If you want to disable caching, call setCacheEnabled() with a boolean false on a concrete instance:

use Laminas\Paginator\Paginator;

// $cache is a Laminas\Cache\Storage\StorageInterface instance

// ... later on the script:
// cache is now disabled for this instance.

When a cache is set, data are automatically stored in it and pulled out from it. It then can be useful to empty the cache manually. You can get this done by calling clearPageItemCache($pageNumber). If you don't pass any parameter, the whole cache will be empty. You can optionally pass a parameter representing the page number to empty in the cache:

use Laminas\Paginator\Paginator;

// $cache is a Laminas\Cache\Storage\StorageInterface instance

// $paginator is a fully configured Paginator instance:
$items = $paginator->getCurrentItems();

$page3Items = $paginator->getItemsByPage(3);
// page 3 is now in cache

// clear the cache of the results for page 3

// clear all the cache data

Changing the item count per page will empty the whole cache as it would have become invalid:

use Laminas\Paginator\Paginator;

// $cache is a Laminas\Cache\Storage\StorageInterface instance

// Fetch some items from an instance:
$items = $paginator->getCurrentItems();

// Changing item count flushes the cache:

It is also possible to see the data in cache and ask for it directly. getPageItemCache() can be used for that:

use Laminas\Paginator\Paginator;

// $cache is a Laminas\Cache\Storage\StorageInterface instance

// Set the item count:

// Fetch some items:
$items = $paginator->getCurrentItems();
$otherItems = $paginator->getItemsPerPage(4);

// See the cached items as a two-dimensional array: